The first question that comes to the traveler is: when is the best time to travel to India? The country is almost a continent and therefore has all climates. The best known of the climate of India is the monsoon. The monsoon usually begins at the end of May on the coast of Kerala, southern tip of the Indian peninsula and advances during month and a half to the northeast of the country. It normally decreases temperatures and shoots moisture, which can be a problem for people who come from dry climates.
The most affected sites are usually the delta of Bengal and the northwest jungle.
From September onwards monsoon relaxes in the north and two months later in the south. The east coast of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and the southern end of Kerala southern still suffers another barrage from November to January. In December most of the country has a cooler and warmer climate.
In winter Delhi and the North have a lot of fog and cold winds, however the south of the country still has a suffocating hot weather.
In spring central India has a warm climate even very hot at the end of March. The thermometer reads high temperatures in May and early June; this great heat is suffocated by the monsoon.
To sum up, the best time to travel is during the cool dry season between November and March. The northern states like Delhi and Agra have very good weather at this time, and the center of the country is still nice. Southern India is always hot and stifling in May and June, so better wait until January, February or March. To climb the mountains of the Himalaya the best is August and September, saving the immense rains of the rest of India.
India borders with Pakistan to the west, to the north with China, Nepal and Bhutan and to the east with Bangladesh and Myanmar. The Indian subcontinent borders to the west with the Arabian Sea, to the east with the Bay of Bengal and to the south with the Indian Ocean. The Indian states located in the northeastern part of the country are separated from the rest of the country by Bangladesh. The Himalayas form a physical barrier, from the northwest to the north, separating India from the rest of Asia. The country can be divided into five main regions: the Western, the Central, the North, the East and the South.
The official language is Hindi, which is spoken by about 30% of the population. English is often used for official and commercial matters. Moreover, the Indian Constitution recognizes 17 other regional languages. Among others: Punjabi, Bengali, Oriya Gujerati which are spoken mainly in the northern part of the country and Tamil and Telugu spoken in the south. The Muslim population of India speaks mainly Urdu.
The 80% of the population is Hindu, 11% Muslim and the rest are Sikh, Christian and Buddhist minorities.
At present six-month tourist visas with multiple entries and exits to the citizens of most nations are extended, even if they do not intend to make such a long stay or leave and return to the country. Visas are processed easily and quickly at the Embassy of India in Madrid or by mail. More information www.embajadaindia.com.
Although following a few basic precautions, there are no sanitary problems. In India, there is risk of cholera, dengue fever, dysentery, hepatitis, malaria, meningitis (only hiking areas) and typhus. It is convenient to go to a center of international vaccination before starting the journey. More information on the Ministry of Health (www.msc.es).